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Pest Details: Termites

Termites are often called the “quiet destroyer” because they may be quietly hiding and thriving in your basement or yard without any immediate signs of damage. While every termite species thrives in different climates and eats different types of food, all termites require four things to survive — food, moisture, shelter and optimal temperature. Virtually all homes, regardless of their construction type, can provide these ideal conditions for termite infestation.

Termites live in colonies that, at maturity, number from several hundred to several million individuals. Colonies use decentralized, self-organized systems of activity guided by swarm intelligence which exploit food sources and environments unavailable to any single insect acting alone. A typical colony contains nymphs (semimature young), workers, soldiers, and reproductive individuals of both sexes, sometimes containing several egg-laying queens.

Termites are generally grouped according to their feeding behavior. Thus, the commonly used general groupings are subterranean, soil-feeding, drywood, dampwood, and grass-eating. Of these, subterraneans and drywoods are primarily responsible for damage to human-made structures.

 

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